Depth of Electromagnetic Penetration

into Metals

(Skin-Effect Depth)

Skin effect is the tendency of an alternating electric current (AC) to become distributed within a conductor such that the current density is largest near the surface of the conductor, and decreases with greater depths in the conductor. The electric current flows mainly at the "skin" of the conductor, between the outer surface and a level called the skin depth. The skin effect causes the effective resistance of the conductor to increase at higher frequencies where the skin depth is smaller, thus reducing the effective cross-section of the conductor.

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Skin Effect

Source: Telecommunications Distribution Methods Manual, 12th Edition; BICSI;