Fundamental Basics
for
Amateur Radio Operators
Below are a few of the most fundamental concepts that all amateur radio operators should have seared into their brains. Familiarity with these concepts is required to earn the Technician Class license, and they will be used throughout your ham career.
Ohm's Law
================================================================= Power Calculation
=================================================================== Ohm's & Power Calculation Combined
================================================================== Sine Wave
Relationship between Frequency and Wavelength
Frequency  Number of cycles completed in one second. Measured in Hertz. (Above example = 2 Hz.)
Wavelength  Distance traveled in one cycle. Measured in meters.
Period  Amount of time required for one cycle. Measured in seconds. Amplitude  Strength of the signal; height of the sine wave. Usually measured in volts or amperes. ================================================================== Frequency  Wavelength Conversion
Where:
λ = Greek letter Lambda = Wavelength in meters
f = Frequency in megaHertz
Note: This conversion is approximate. See the Frequency and Wavelength Conversions section of our Constants and Formulas page for more exact information.
====================================================================== Radio/Microwave Spectrum
See our Electromagnetic Spectrum page for more details.
====================================================================== Decibels
dB = 10 log_{10}(P_{1}/P_{2})
Example: Increasing the power by 9 dB is equal to multiplying the watts by 8.
See the Power Conversions section of our Constants and Formulas page, and our Decibels page for more information.
====================================================================== Resistor Color Code
A couple of mnemonics to help you remember the color order:
* Bat Brained Resistor Order You Gotta Be Very Good With * Badly Burnt Resistors On Your Ground Bus Void General Warranty
See this Wikipedia page for others.
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